MSME 2024: Its Meaning, Classification, Loan Schemes, Role, and Importance in India

  • Seema Dhaka
  • 03-04-2024


  • Seema Dhaka
  • 03-04-2024

Micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) 2024

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on MSME 2024, which covers its definition, classification, operation, role, and significance in India. It is essential to know what micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSME) are and how they impact the Indian economy in the ever-changing business world. MSMEs are very important in encouraging people to start their businesses, create jobs, and promote growth that benefits everyone. They make a big difference to the GDP and help industries grow, especially in rural areas. This article aims to elucidate the concept of micro, small, and medium-sized businesses (MSMEs), their classification based on investments and income, the range of loan programs available to support them, and their crucial role in economic growth. Are. With the increasing focus of the Government of India on MSMEs as crucial players in the Make in India and Atmanirbhar Bharat programs, it is more important than ever to understand and leverage the benefits of being an MSME. Join us as we explore the opportunities and obstacles facing MSMEs in 2024 and help them reach their full potential.

Meaning of MSMEs 

Micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) support the Indian economy. Their range of operations and investment in plants, apparatus, and equipment are what distinguish them. The Government of India has established distinct criteria for classifying businesses as MSMEs based on these factors.
The Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act of 2006 delineates MSMEs into two distinct sectors: service-oriented enterprises and manufacturing enterprises. Service enterprises are characterized by their investment in equipment rather than plant and apparatus, which is the criterion for defining manufacturing enterprises.

Classification of MSMEs

Micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) are the backbone of any economy. They are a significant source of employment and contribute to the growth of the country's GDP. The Indian government has taken various initiatives to promote the development of MSMEs by providing them with financial assistance, subsidies, and other forms of support. Classifying MSMEs is critical to determining the economic benefits and incentives they can avail themselves of.
Based on their investment in plant and machinery or equipment for manufacturing or service activities, India classifies MSMEs. In a notification on June 26th, 2020, the government revised the classification criteria, expanding the scope of MSMEs by revising the investment and turnover limits.
As per the new classification, a micro-enterprise has an investment of up to one crore rupees and a turnover of up to five crore rupees. The classification of a small enterprise involves an investment of up to ten crores and a turnover of less than fifty crores. The classification of a medium enterprise involves an investment of up to fifty crores and a turnover of up to two hundred and fifty crores.
The classification of an enterprise based on these parameters helps determine its eligibility for benefits and incentives under various government schemes launched for MSMEs. MSMEs can access various benefits, such as credit, subsidies, and exemptions, under GST and other government schemes. The categorization also helps address the difficulties faced by MSMEs in the areas of taxation, credit, and infrastructure.
The classification of MSMEs plays a crucial role in identifying the most vulnerable sections of the economy and prioritizing support to meet their needs. The government supports the growth of MSMEs as they provide employment opportunities to many people. The primary objective of all initiatives launched by the Indian government is to create an enabling environment for MSMEs to grow and contribute to the economy.
The government has also launched many schemes and programs to promote entrepreneurship in India and support MSMEs. Programs like Standup India, Start-up India, and the MUDRA scheme provide financial assistance and guidance to entrepreneurs.
In conclusion, classifying MSMEs based on investment and turnover parameters allows the government to understand their economic landscape and provide them with schemes and benefits. The government's support and assistance for MSMEs are crucial for the overall economy's growth. MSMEs have a significant role in achieving self-reliance and creating employment opportunities in India. 

Importance of MSMEs in India's Economy

MSMEs are important to India's economy. They boost GDP, exports, and jobs. MSMEs encourage rural entrepreneurship and reduce regional imbalances by boosting industrial growth in smaller towns and villages.
The Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises estimates that MSMEs contribute 29% to India's GDP and employ 110 million people. People recognize them for their ability to swiftly adapt to market developments and provide jobs during challenging economic times.
MSMEs help the textile, agro-processing, handicraft, and engineering industries grow. They provide raw materials, components, and services to bigger industries and support them. India needs MSMEs to expand and flourish for sustainable and inclusive economic growth. 

Government schemes and policies for MSMEs

Government schemes and policies for MSMEsThe Indian government has implemented several programs and policies to help MSMEs grow and progress because they know how important they are to the economy. The goals of these programs are to help MSMEs get money, encourage new ideas, make them more competitive, and make it easier for them to run their businesses.
These government programs for MSMEs are the most well-known:

  1. Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP): This programme aims to help people become self-employed by giving them money to start their own businesses. It operates in both rural and urban areas, and importantly, it supports individuals from diverse backgrounds, including women, SC/ST people, and soldiers, demonstrating the value of their contributions.
  2. Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme (CGFS): It gives credit without security by promising a part of the loan amount. This new way of doing things makes it easier for MSMEs to get loans from banks without putting up security, which is a big problem for many small companies.
  3. Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme(TUFS): The TUF Scheme for Technology Upgradation and Quality Certification changes everything for MSMEs. It helps businesses get better technology and quality approval by giving them money. This makes the businesses much more competitive. There is a strong push for MSMEs to use new technology and make their goods and services better through this plan.
  4. Memorandum on Udyog Aadhaar (UAM): This online registration method makes getting different licenses and using government perks easier. Small and medium-sized businesses (MSMEs) can sign up for Udyog Aadhaar for perks like easy access to loans, grants, and government contracts.

The government shows its steadfast dedication to helping MSMEs in all these ways. The government is determined to introduce new programs and changes, making India a safe and stable place for MSME growth and development. 

MSME loan schemes and eligibility criteria

MSME loan schemes and eligibility criteriaOne of the hardest things for MSMEs is getting access to money. Banks and the government have set up loan programs to help small businesses get money at reasonable interest rates.
Here are some well-known MSME loan programs:

  1. MUDRA Loan: The Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) helps micro and small businesses get loans of up to 10 lakh rupees. There are three types of these loans: Shishu (up to INR 50,000), Kishore (between INR 50,000 and INR 5 lakh), and Tarun (between INR 5 lakh and INR 10 lakh).
  2. SIDBI SMILE: thisis the SIDBI Make in India Soft Loan Fund for Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises: This program helps MSMEs finance their projects and meet their working capital needs by giving them soft loans. Depending on the project's size and needs, the loan amount can be anywhere from INR 10 lakh to INR 25 crore.
  3. The Credit-Linked Capital Discount Scheme (CLCSS): This offers a 15% capital discount on loans taken out to buy technology and tools. The scheme's goal is to help MSMEs improve their technology. The scheme allows for a maximum grant of INR 15 lakh.

MSME loans have different requirements for who can get them, depending on the loan plan and the bank giving the loan. In general, MSMEs need to meet certain standards based on their length of business, their income, their creditworthiness, and their compliance with the rules.

Role of MSMEs in job creation and poverty reduction

  • MSMEs drive the Indian economy, creating jobs and reducing poverty. MSMEs are one of the largest employers in the country, employing over 110 million people, according to the Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises.
  • MSMEs' adaptability and success in many areas make them influential job creators. MSMEs offer skilled and unskilled jobs in every area, from manufacturing to services. This inclusion is crucial in India, where a large segment of the population works in the informal sector.
  • The growth of MSMEs produces jobs and reduces poverty. By providing jobs to marginalized groups, MSMEs help distribute money more evenly. This ripple effect benefits local communities since MSMEs often buy raw materials and services from local vendors.
  • Thus, investing in MSMEs boosts economic growth, reduces unemployment, and reduces poverty. MSMEs need special lending programs, which the government has created to encourage growth.


Micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) boost India's economy, reduce poverty, and create jobs. Indian micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) might transform the economy with the right resources, regulation, and support. We must recognize MSMEs' value and work to maximize their potential in 2024. We can become an economic superpower if we work together to grow India's MSME sector.
BTHAWK compliance services help micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) overcome challenges and ensure their long-term success through informed decisions and strategic support material use.

Kindly be informed that the information shared above is strictly intended for educational purposes only. It is highly recommended to seek the guidance of a skilled professional for any financial transactions or compliance services to guarantee legal adherence and mitigate any potential challenges.

Frequently Asked Questions

MSMEs can avail loans under various schemes like MUDRA, Stand-Up India, Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE), etc., as per the guidelines of MSME 2024.

Yes, existing MSMEs can upgrade their classification by meeting the revised criteria and submitting the required documents as specified under the MSME 2024 guidelines.

MSMEs are classified based on their investment in plant and machinery for manufacturing units and equipment for service sectors under the MSME 2024 scheme.

Businesses can register themselves as MSMEs on the Udyam Registration portal and obtain a Udyam Certificate under the MSME 2024 scheme.

Benefits include access to various schemes and incentives like subsidy on patent registration, exemption under the Direct Tax Laws, priority sector lending, etc., as per the criteria laid down in MSME 2024 guidelines.

Yes, MSMEs may be eligible for interest rate concessions under certain loan schemes within the MSME 2024 initiative, aimed at promoting easy access to credit for the sector.

Depending on the loan scheme and the borrower's credit profile, collateral requirements may vary. Some MSME loan schemes under MSME 2024 may offer collateral-free credit options to eligible businesses.

Yes, MSMEs can avail loans under multiple schemes within the MSME 2024 framework, subject to meeting the respective eligibility criteria and the financial institution's regulations.

MSMEs can apply for loans under the MSME 2024 scheme by approaching designated financial institutions, online lending platforms, or through the MSME department portals, following the prescribed application procedure.

MSMEs are classified based on their investment in plant and machinery for manufacturing units and equipment for service sectors under the MSME 2024 scheme.